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QUESTION 1″Children who watch violent cartoons will become more aggressive.” According to the scientific method, this statement is most likely a(n) ________.conclusionresulthypothesisfact4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 2″The whole is greater than the sum of its parts” is a statement associated with the perspective of ________.introspectionfunctionalismpsychoanalysisGestalt psychologists4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 3A detailed description of a particular individual being studied or treated is called a ________.representative samplecase studysingle-blind studynaturalistic observation4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 4A group of randomly selected subjects for a study that matches the population on important characteristics such as age and sex is called ________.volunteer biasa representative samplean experimental groupa control group4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 5According to Freud, unconscious urges:are able to be suppressed.only pertain to sex.attempt to surface and affect our behaviors.have no impact on everyday life.4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 6At the close of the nineteenth century, Gerhard is excited to find that he has been accepted for training in the psychology laboratory of Wilhelm Wundt. It is likely that Gerhard will be trained to ________.analyze how to break down his sensations into their most basic elementsdetermine the function or purpose of a particular human behaviorlisten intently while individuals tell him of their depression or nervousnesscarefully feel the bumps on a person’s head in order to determine his or her character traits4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 7Dr. Braunz has been treating a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. She decides to write a prescription for Ritalin. Given this information, it is most likely that Dr. Braunz is a ________.psychiatristpsychoanalysthumanistic psychologistschool psychologist4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 8Freud said phobias were ________ whereas Watson said phobias were ________.learned; inheritedrepressed conflicts; learnedsexual; unconsciousconditioned; unconditioned4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 9Objective introspection requires:metaphysical experiences.self-skepticism about experiences.empiricism.reflection on the self.4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 10The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one’s behavior is part of what early field of psychology?structuralismfunctionalismpsychoanalysisbehaviorism4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 11The goals of psychology are to ________.explore the conscious and unconscious functions of the human mindunderstand, compare, and analyze human behaviorimprove psychological well-being in all individuals from birth until deathdescribe, explain, predict, and control behavior4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 12The tendency to look for information that supports one’s own belief is called ________.the principle of falsifiabilityconfirmation biascriterion validityvolunteer bias4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 13The word correlation is often used as a synonym for ________.validityreliabilityvariablerelationship4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 14Unintended changes in participants’ behavior due to cues inadvertently given by the experimenter are called ________.replicationsexperimenter effectsvolunteer biasessingle-blind studies4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 15What advice might John B. Watson have offered to psychologists of his time?”Focus on observable behavior.””Life is an effort to overcome inferiority.””We cannot know others until we know ourselves.””Remember that what we accomplish is due to the composition of our genes.”4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 16Which of the following is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological Association?Participants may not withdraw once they start.Participants cannot be deceived about aspects of the research.Participants cannot be subjected to any physically or emotionally painful stimuli.Deception must be justified.4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 17Which of the following is a common ethical guideline suggested by the American Psychological Association?Participants may not withdraw once they start.Participants must be allowed to make an informed decision.Participants cannot be subjected to shock of any kind.Participants cannot be deceived about aspects of the research.4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 18Which of the following situations best illustrates the placebo effect?You sleep because you are tired.You throw up after eating bad meat.You have surgery to repair a defective heart valve.You drink a nonalcoholic drink and become “intoxicated” because you think it contains alcohol.4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 19Which of the following statements is true about naturalistic observation?It recreates natural conditions in the laboratory as closely as possible to make an experiment more valid.It involves observing behavior in its natural context.It is basically the same process as objective introspection.It involves observing behavior in the lab without taking formal notes or using technological equipment to measure the experimental findings.4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 20Which of these is the most accurate definition of the discipline of psychology?the scientific study of behaviorthe scientific study of mental processesthe scientific study of behavior and mental processesthe scientific study of human behavior and mental processes4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 21Which treatment approach did Sigmund Freud develop for treating his patients?drug therapyneuropsychologyclinical psychologypsychoanalysis4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 22Which type of psychologist would be most likely to argue that a criminal engages in unlawful behavior because he grew up around older boys who engaged in criminal activities?Gestaltistbehavioralistpsychodynamicfunctionalist4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 23Who was an early proponent of functionalism?Ivan PavlovWilliam JamesWilhelm WundtMax Wertheimer4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 24You attend a lecture by a psychologist who uses terms such as free will and self-actualization. Which psychological perspective is most consistent with the points the psychologist presented?behaviorismhumanismfunctionalismpsychodynamics4 points   Save AnswerQUESTION 25________ is an experiment in which participants do not know if they are in the experimental or the control group, but the experimenters do know which participants are part of which group.The double-blind studyField researchThe single-blind studyCorrelational research

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